Geopolitik Energi

April 12, 2007


Competing claims

As previously noted, the Ambalat offshore area is located in the Celebes Sea, off the east coast of Borneo. It is worth noting in this context that no land territory is at stake, although several erroneous media reports claimed that Indonesia and Malaysia were contesting sovereignty over “Ambalat Island”.24 Unlike the South China Sea island disputes, the Ambalat dispute is non-territorial in nature, and the parties are concerned not with sovereignty per se, but with their overlapping claims to continental shelf and EEZ within which they have specific sovereign rights.

The precise dimensions of the dispute are, however, unclear. While there is unmistakable overlap between competing oil exploration concessions, the dispute extends beyond that confined area. The problem is that while both states have signed and ratified the LOSC and claim 12nm territorial seas and continental shelf and EEZ rights out to 200nm, only one of the parties has defined the extent of its jurisdictional claims.

In 1979 Malaysia issued an official map illustrating the extent of that country’s jurisdiction over territorial sea and continental shelf. Malaysia’s own oil concessions, and thus at least part of the area that Indonesia considers part of its own Ambalat offshore area, fall within Malaysia’s 1979 claim line in the Celebes Sea.25

For its part, Indonesia has yet to specify the precise extent of its continental shelf/EEZ claim. But Indonesia does point out that it, along with a number of Malaysia’s other neighbors, rejected the 1979 Malaysian map. The closest Indonesia has come to articulating its claim was in the case of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) concerning Sovereignty over Pulau Sipadan and Pulau Ligitan. In that context, Indonesia claimed that the maritime boundary should proceed due east from the terminus of the land boundary on the east coast of Sebatik Island which is divided between the two states.26 Indonesia hasn’t yet specified the revised scope of its claims in the aftermath of the ICJ case.


  1. Bung,

    Bagus euy blognya…
    Kebetulan saya juga tertarik dengan isu-isu hubungan internasional dan internasional politik.
    Coba dong, ulas teori politik internasional punya Kenneth Waltz

    Comment by sholi — August 31, 2007 @ 10:22 am | Reply

  2. bagus…tpi bahasa inggrisnya itu loh,, pegel bacanya!!

    Comment by indah — April 16, 2008 @ 6:08 am | Reply

  3. fuck bgt malaysia

    Comment by wahyi — March 19, 2009 @ 8:05 am | Reply

  4. Outstanding article!! Will come back soon.

    Comment by DescuemDerb — May 20, 2009 @ 7:03 pm | Reply

  5. Hancurkan malaysia, fuck jöngos britis.

    Comment by Merah putih — June 4, 2009 @ 5:18 am | Reply

  6. Sdh taon 2009, Malay’sin’ masih aj nyolek2 Ambalat,Ooi..INA tegaz dong… Gayang Malaysia…:-(

    Comment by Nieki — June 4, 2009 @ 10:26 am | Reply

  7. malaysialan anjiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinggnnngggg

    Comment by cata — June 13, 2009 @ 7:58 am | Reply

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